Family members and friends of individuals struggling with active addiction often face their own inner battle. It is difficult for parents, partners and peers to witness the self-inflicted pain and suffering of their loved one. The compassionate heart of a parent often seeks to provide unconditional love, support and acceptance regardless of the situation and spouses feel bound by their vows that state “for better or for worse, in sickness and in health.”
Friends also face a troubling reality in wanting to support, encourage and accept the person they love so to avoid adding more pain to their addicted loved one’s destructive process. The idea that true friendship depends on a “ride or die” mentality is a dangerous one in most situations. In the case of active addiction, it can be deadly.
The Seven Caring Habits
Dr. William Glasser, father of Choice Theory and Reality Therapy, designated acceptance as one of the seven caring habits. Alongside trusting, supporting, encouraging, listening, negotiating differences and respecting, accepting is a behavior that nurtures and serves to grow relationships. The seven opposite of these are defined by Glasser as deadly habits and essentially destroy or kill relationships of any category.
Based on this idea, friends, family and significant others often feel guilty in refusing to accept the negative behaviors, consequences and resulting chaos created by the individual in active addiction. In fact, they toil over the idea of emotional detachment—the process of letting go—because the terminology and experience seems cruel or lacking in empathy for their loved one.
However, there is a difference between acceptance—a caring habit—and enabling.
The Root of Enabling
Enabling is a destructive pattern of behavior which resembles acceptance and other caring habits. But, contrary to its appearance, enabling is not love. It is, in fact, anti-love because it ultimately serves to keep the individual in active addiction.
The process of enabling includes the following:
- Supporting, encouraging and accepting destructive, self-sabotaging behavior
- Repeatedly listening to chronic bouts of victimization typically resulting from self-orchestrated, self-inflicted or self-perpetuated personal drama
- Trusting the behavior will change regardless of the obvious pattern
- Attempting to negotiate differences by merely taking a passive stance in the face of addiction’s anger and ego
- Respecting the privacy—or secrecy—and destructive path of the individual rather than intervening.
Though the root of enabling is clearly prefaced with the seven caring habits, including but not limited to accepting, it does not grow or nurture the relationship or the individual. In fact, enabling kills both.
The only healthy way to practice acceptance with an individual in active addiction and avoid enabling is to simply realize there is a problem which is bigger than the individual. It is one only professional help can address. Rather than accepting the individual’s destructive behavior and resulting chaos, refuse to allow either in your life by suggesting professional help and emotionally detaching until that help is received.
The latter is not a cruel action, nor is it selfish. It is a practice in self-care—setting personal boundaries which protect against dysfunction. Moreover, it is an act of love toward the individual in active addiction because it holds them accountable, attempts to raise them to a higher standard of functioning and ultimately seeks to spur them into healing and recovery.