. A person who gets addicted to drug is called an addict. There are three types of drug addictions:
§ Physical dependence - physical dependency addiction refers to appearance of a special withdrawal symptom that occurs when the drug is suddenly discontinued. Drugs like benzodiazepines; opioids, barbiturates, alcohol, anti-depressants, cortisones and beta-blockers are examples for causing physical dependency.
§ Psychological addictions - show dependency of mind and social dysfunctions that lead to psychological withdrawal symptoms.
§ Eating disorders - sometimes these are also considered to be psychological disorders and are treated as elements of addictive behavior. It happens with items like chocolate, caffeine, and sugar and makes the sufferers experience elements of addictive behavior.
Side effects of the drugs
The side effects of drugs are huge and they often cause serious problems in human beings. The side effects include inability to sleep, loss of appetite, pupil dilation, stress and anxiety, stomach ulcers, constant drowsiness and blood circulation problems.
Following are the effects of other drugs:
§ Amphetamines - makes the addict face heart and circulatory risks, paranoia, distortions of reality and even at times hallucinations.
§ Cocaine - effects are it sends the body into overdrive, speeds up the heart rate, results in nausea, high body temperature, muscle reflexes, cramps, sudden heart attacks, severe mood swings, corrosion of nasal cavity and schizophrenia.
Drug addiction treatments
There are various drug addiction treatments that help people to escape from chronic addiction problems.
Following are the treatments:
§ Matrix model - the strict and personal therapist acts as your friend and performs intense drug addiction treatments.
§ Relapse prevention - this treatment offers you to control your behavior, learn to identify dangerous situations and avoid them. It helps you to increase your learning processes and developing your defense skills.
§ Supportive-Expressive psychotherapy - it works through interpersonal links that creates your sphere of comfort and teaches you to trust in other people's support. It is specially helpful and comfortable for heroine and cocaine addicts.
§ Behavioral Therapy for adolescents - it provides schemes for rewarding people who stop taking drugs.
§ Multidimensional Family Therapy [MDFT] - it offers interesting approach for addicts who suffer from dysfunctional family problems.
§ Motivational enhancement Therapy - it tries to concentrate on the addict's will that help them to fight infection.
Individualized drug counseling as a drug addiction treatment concentrates on drug addiction and related subjects like family problems and employment status.