SoberRecovery Glossary of Recovery Terms
/ Rehab (see also Adolescent Treatment)
In the world of addiction recovery, the term treatment, or rehab,
usually refers to a professional and/or medical center that detoxes
the addict and begins the education process to help them live
a life free of their drug(s) of choice. Treatment may be on an
outpatient or inpatient basis, or a combination of the two.
Typically outpatient treatment consists a series of meetings
at the treatment center. If the treatment is intensive, there
are probably four or five meetings each week. Less intensive programs
meet less often, but usually at least once or twice a week. How
many weeks involved depends on the program. Outpatient meetings
are generally a combination of education and group therapy facilitated
by a professional with experience and/or certification in addiction
counseling. Drug testing may be a requirement of outpatient treatment.
The outpatient program may use at least part of the 12 Step model
or it may use a different model.
Inpatient rehab generally consists of actually staying in a hospital
or residential treatment center for a number of days, weeks or
months. A stay of 28 or 30 days is probably the most typical.
Most inpatient programs start with either medical or non-medical
detoxification. Many inpatient treatment centers draw on the 12
Step model and include in-house 12 Step meetings as well as group
therapy and individual counseling. Some provide education and/or
meetings for families during the addicts stay. If the treatment
center is near a metropolitan area, addicts may be bussed to outside
12 Step or other recovery meetings as part of the program.
There are treatment centers that deal with addiction in general,
and those that work with addiction to specific drugs. Some offer
medical detox, others specialize in non-medical detox (no tranquilizers,
etc.) under medical supervision. Treatment centers may work with
the general population of addicts or with specific groups, such
as women, men, adolescents, young adults, etc.
Many drug rehabs incorporate at least part of the 12 Step model
in their education process. There are, however, treatment centers
that use other models.